Maduro: We commemorate 235 years of the birth of our Father of the Homeland

The President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, recalled that on July 24th we commemorate 235 years of the birth of our Father of the Nation, Simón Bolívar, as he pointed out from his official account on the Twitter social network.

Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios was born in Caracas on July 24, 1783. Venezuela was then a General Captaincy of the Kingdom of Spain among whose population there was discontent over the differences of rights existing between the Spanish oligarchy, owner of power , the “Mantuano” or Creole class, mostly landlords, and the lower strata of mulattos and slaves.

At the age of 14, he joined the battalion of volunteer white militias from the valleys of Aragua. One year later he graduated as a second lieutenant, with the qualification of outstanding in application. On January 19, 1799 he traveled to Madrid, Spain, where he met María Teresa Rodríguez del Toro and Alaiza, whom he married on May 26, 1802. Immediately after the wedding they traveled to Venezuela. After only eight months of married life, María Teresa died in Caracas on January 22, 1803.

The independence:

After numerous battles, he has to flee to Jamaica, where he writes his “Letter of Jamaica”. In 1817, he returns to Venezuela. Two years later, in 1819, the Angostura congress was created, where he founded the Gran Colombia (Venezuela, Colombia, Panama and Ecuador) and was appointed as its President. In August he achieved the independence of Colombia in the battle of Boyacá, on August 7, and after 2 years of fighting, the independence of Venezuela was consolidated with the Battle of Carabobo, on June 24, 1821.

Later, in August, he wins the Battle of Boyacá. After Sucre won the battle of Pichincha, in 1822, and liberated the north of South America, Bolívar crossed the Andes to liberate Peru, which he achieved with Sucre in the Battle of Junín, on August 6, 1824.

While he was out of Venezuela, Bolívar was a victim of the rivalries between the caudillos who were beginning to govern Venezuela and he departs to Colombia, where he dies on December 17, 1830, in the city of Santa Marta.