UN approves Venezuela, suspends Spain on Human Rights

Hace 2 años.

The Human Rights Committee of the UN released its findings on the implementation of the Civil and Political Rights in Spain, Venezuela, United Kingdom, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Canada, Uzbekistan and France. Contradicting the widespread opinion repeated ad nauseam by virtually all the Spanish mass media, the Human Rights Committee of the UN has approved Venezuela, to which made some recommendations, while it harshly censured Spain for up to 26 sections.

The concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee of the UN refer to the positive aspects of the implementation in Venezuela to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), ratified by the country in 1978. Also highlights the main areas of concern in the matter for experts and detailed recommendations for action by the Committee to the State under review.

Simultaneously he published the concluding observations regarding the sixth periodic report of Spain.

Spain will have to repeat the course on Human Rights after the United Nations has suspended a handful of subjects with tremendous titles: Expulsions on the spot, police racism, gender inequality, violence against women, people trafficking, “Gag” Law, sterilization of the disabled people, illegal abortion, immigration detention centers.

A representation of Spain -six Ministries, Attorney General and Mission to the United Nations- appeared before the Human Rights Committee of the UN, which examined several countries on compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights by States Parties.

After analyzing what was submitted by Spain, the United Nations has just released its notes: Suspension. The report adds up to 26 “concerns” for breach of the Covenant, and criticism by the persistence of laws and practices contrary to human rights.

– POLICE RACISM. United Nations detracts from the existence of ‘police checks based on racial and ethnic profiling, in particular to Romanians”. Calls on Spain to “eliminate the use of ethnic profiling by police and officials” to “increase training for those agents on cultural sensitivity” and “To bring those responsible to justice.”

– DISCRIMINATION. The report reflects “discrimination” on immigrants and ethnic minorities’ in access to housing, education, employment and health. ”

– FORCED STERILIZATIONS. The UN criticizes the “forced sterilization of persons with disabilities whose legal capacity is not recognized”. The Committee demands to “obtain the informed consent of persons with disabilities.”

– GENDER INEQUALITY. Women are “underrepresented in decision-making positions.” They are concerned at “significant gap in salaries between men and women.”

– SEXIST VIOLENCE. The UN points to the “persistence” of male violence and warns of the “high degree of violence suffered by immigrants, who rarely report the violations suffered.” Proposes to “increase” the protection of women of Romani origin and to “investigate” allegations of ‘particularly vulnerable and marginalized” women.

– ILLEGAL ABORTION. The UN does not agree with the reform of the law, which forces women aged 16 to 18 years, even in situations of domestic violence, to obtain the consent of their parents to terminate the pregnancy. This “may increase illegal abortions and put the health of women at risk”.

– POLICE MISTREATING. The report states “excessive use of force and mistreatment” of State agents, criticized the “weakness in investigations” and rejects pardons to police officers convicted of torture. Requires to “eliminate torture, establish independent complaint bodies, ensuring that forensic examinations are impartial and prohibit pardons to those guilty of torture”. It congratulates the recording of interrogations, but regrets that it is not systematic.

– THE CIE. The United Nations is concerned about the “recurrent use of deprivation of liberty to irregular migrants” and calls for all CIE to have sanitary facilities.

– ISOLATION OF DETAINEES. While welcoming that the Criminal Procedure Act “reduces” the use of solitary confinement, the UN asked to “remove the detention in incommunicado conditions”.

– EXPULSION OF REFUGEES. The report criticizes the “hot expulsions”, the “deportation flights” and “denial of asylum” to not Syrian applicants. And all this with “ill-treatment”. It requested Spain to review the Public Safety Act and to ensure that “foreign authorities do not commit human rights violations in Spanish territory” (referring to the Moroccan police in the fences of Ceuta and Melilla).

– AMNESTY ACT of 1977. The UN calls to repeal it, because “It impedes the investigation of torture, disappearances and executions” of the Francoism. It calls to revise the legislation of the exhumation of the graves so it does not fall on the families and thus ensure equality in all regions.

– HUMAN TRAFFICKING. The UN document regrets that Spain “Remains a country of destination, transit and origin for women, men and children victims of sex trafficking and forced labor”.

– ‘GAG ACT”‘. The United Nations is concerned about the “deterrent effect” on freedom of expression and assembly of the “Gag Act”. It quotes the “excessive use of sanctions” and the prohibition of recording agents of State Security. It requests Spain to “review the Public Safety Act.”